Smoking, HIV and Risks
Smoking, HIV and Risks
Get your head around these data, presented in a recent HIV.gov blog. For people living with HIV (PLWH) who smoke and adhere to antiretroviral treatment, the risk of death from lung cancer is 6-13 times greater than from AIDS-related causes. It's a head-turning fact (from an NIH-supported study) and is due to uneven speed in research and pubic health advances, with amazing progress in HIV treatment that reached a tipping point within just 20 years of the first AIDS cases versus multi-generational plodding progress made against tobacco use.
For people living with HIV (PLWH) who smoke and adhere to antiretroviral treatment, the risk of death from lung cancer is 6-13 times greater than from AIDS-related causes.
Smoking, while way down by historic measures, continues to be the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the U.S. Today, about 20% of Americans smoke, which is a rather big drop from rates seen since the first Surgeon General's report on smoking, released in 1964. However, an estimated 40% of PLWH smoke.
HRSA/RWHAP Tobacco Cessation Resources
Below are tools for the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) to monitor and address smoking and HIV, summarized nicely by HIV.gov in its PLWH Who Smoke... blog listed below along with some reports and blogs to get up to speed on this public health issue.
- Clinician training resources, including HRSA’s Guide for HIV Clinical Care (chapter on Smoking Cessation, in the section Health Care Maintenance and Disease Prevention) and a training with multimedia called Smoking and HIV: What Clinicians Need to Know.
- HRSA’s HIV/AIDS Bureau performance measures that include Preventive Care and Screening: Tobacco Use: Screening and Cessation Intervention.
Reports and Blogs on Smoking and HIV
HIV.gov blogs including Study: PLWH Who Smoke Up to 13 Times More Likely to Die from Lung Cancer than AIDS (10/4/17) and Nov. 16’s Great American Smokeout: Opportunity for PLWH Who Smoke to Make a Plan to Quit (11/9/17) as well as the HIV.gov topic page: Smoking and HIV
CDC/MMWR: Tobacco Product Use Among Adults — United States, 2015 (11/10/17) and more on the CDC Office on Smoking and Health webpages.