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Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents

Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents

April 2013
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Infectious Disease Society of America, NIH

Description

These guidelines provide recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of 30 opportunistic infections commonly occurring in people infected with HIV.

For each of the OIs covered in this report, recommendations are provided that address: (1) preventing exposure to opportunistic pathogens, (2) preventing disease, (3) discontinuing primary prophylaxis after immune reconstitution, (4) treatment of disease, (5) monitoring for adverse effects (including IRIS), (6) management of treatment failure, (7) preventing disease recurrence ("secondary prophylaxis" or chronic maintenance therapy), (8) discontinuing secondary prophylaxis after immune reconstitution, and (9) special considerations during pregnancy.

Topics covered include:

  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia
  • Toxoplasma gondii Encephalitis
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Microsporidiosis
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection and Disease
  • Disseminated Mycobacterium avium Complex Disease
  • Bacterial Respiratory Disease
  • Bacterial Enteric Infections
  • Bartonellosis
  • Syphilis
  • Mucocutaneous Candidiasis
  • Cryptococcosis
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Aspergillosis
  • Cytomegalovirus Disease
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Disease
  • HHV-6 and HHV-7 Disease
  • Varicella-Zoster Virus Diseases
  • Human Herpesvirus-8 Disease
  • Human Papillomavirus Disease
  • Hepatitis B Virus Infection
  • Hepatitis C Virus Infection
  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy/JC Virus Infection
  • Malaria
  • Penicilliosis marneffei
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Chagas Disease
  • Isosporiasis

Part of Collection

HIV/AIDS Guidelines

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